Many developments required specific mitigation measures as a result of having protected species within the site boundary. This mitigation is necessary to avoid harm to rare and protected animals and to ensure there is no net loss of habitats through the development. In some cases (for European Protected Species) mitigation and compensation is required to ensure a Natural England licence can be obtained which will allow works to proceed.
Mitigation can include:
• Safely removing animals from a construction zone prior to the start of works – often called a translocation.
• Installing exclusion fencing.
• Installing bat and bird boxes.
• The creation of wildlife ponds and ponds for GCN licences.
• Hibernacula for amphibians and reptiles.
• Creation of artificial otter holts.